A diada castellera is the name of a gathering where colles build castells. Nothing more and nothing less.
Diades are held mainly while in the major festivals of a city, town or village, or because a certain festivity, or because on behalf or to honour a colla. This is, according to the CCCC, there are nowadays almost 90 colles castelleres all around the Catalan Countries, and there are, usually, around 53 weeks in a year. This means that last year 2013 castells reached a record with about 10.400 castells raised, as I stated in the previous post. Unfortunately I can’t tell how many diades have been celebrated to achieve this record.
Well, yes I could. There is data for it, it’s just that I am a lazybum and I have more stuff to do. But one day I’ll tell you more about the data applied in castells, it’s a whole world. I add it in the “posts to do” list.
Nevertheless, a diada castellera has a protocol, the same way most of the proper fiestas have a procedure. Although, don’t get confused between the tunes and the protocol. While in this post I already wrote about the tunes of the castells, today I am going to center about the proper procedure of a diada castellera.
And no, there is no Master of Ceremonies. At least usually. Although sometimes there could be a speaker, who actually is more annoying than useful. Most of them.
There is a non-written rule in castells that at least three colles should perform in a diada, although there are exceptions, especially with the diades hosted by the biggest colles like Castellers de Vilafranca, Colla Joves Xiquets de Valls, Colla Vella dels Xiquets de Valls, Colla Jove Xiquets de Tarragona and Xiquets de Tarragona. Usually when it comes a diada hosted by any of these colles, instead of three colles performing, there are four colles. With the exception of the two colles from Valls when it comes to their village. Then it’s only they two alone. And the competence between these two colles is really, really fierce.
A fake diada:
Let’s imagine a Diada Castellera between the England Roses, the Scotland Thistles and the Wales Leeks in London. So, the plaça castellera could be, for instance, in London, in Trafalgar Square, just in front of Nelson’s Column. Just for the plasticity of the place.
Firstly, all three colles enter Trafalgar Square with a “walking pillar”, or a “pilar caminat”, this is… Well. This is what it means. Here the video:
As the diada is held in London, the England Roses will raise their castells first. The Thistles and the Leeks will have to agree, or set a raffle, or spin a coin, to raise their castells after the Roses.
As a diada has usually three rounds, plus the final round of pillars, sometimes it matters if you are the first, second or third in the round to build your own castells. Colles tend to help each other in the pinya, and if the castell fell down, the castell that your own colla wants to build may result jeopardised.
Normally, for this, the biggest castells are build in the first round, because in case of fell the target is already reached.
Let’s imagine how it would be the diada castellera in London, with the Roses, the Thistles and the Leeks:
Walking pillars entering the square
England Roses: 4d8 (eight stories, four people per story)
Scotland Thistles: i4d8 (Try of eight stories, four people per story. It fell down even before being charged)
Wales Leeks: 3d8. (eight stories, three people per story)